Environmental protection is a priority for the FIA today. As the WRC enters the new hybrid era in 2022, Formula 1 has set itself a new goal – the development of the fuel of the future! F1 becomes the pioneer in the development! Changing the eco-priorities – that means changing the rules. What kind of novelty is F1 biofuel and how will it affect engines? Let’s find out.
Formula 1 2022 season is changing
The global car fleet will reach 1.8 billion cars, and only 8% of them will be powered by electricity by 2030. Formula 1, for its part, aims to become carbon neutral by 2030, and the switch to a new fuel will be a fundamental step, if not a “green” breakthrough.
What is F1 biofuel?
As Chief Technical Officer Pat Symonds explains that there are three generations of biofuels. First generation being “largely made from food stocks” – crops grown specifically for fuel, but this was unsustainable and raised ethical questions. Second-generation uses either food waste, maize husks for example, or biomass, for example forest waste, or even household waste. Third-generation biofuels, sometimes referred to as e-fuels or synthetic fuels are the more advanced fuels.
Towards the basic eco-objectives.
E10 fuel that meets stricter environmental standards and is 100% renewable – a unique scientific development based on the use of organic waste, which reduces harmful emissions, increases efficiency and maintains engine performance at the same level.
F1 Biofuel will be powered by a new generation of engines that will be used in the championship in five years time.
But when a new generation of power plants is created, they should already be powered by fuels made entirely from renewable resources, and there is already intensive scientific research in this area.
The entries will begin in 2022, it will be kind of “cocktail” consisting of 90% normal gasoline and 10% ethanol. In theory, internal combustion engines do not have to go through complicated modifications, but that is only provided for in the plans. In fact F1 teams and engineers will have to work several times more than usual.
Will F1 engines change in 2022?
Definitely not, F1 engine in 2022 will be the same. The current 1.6-litre V6 turbo hybrid engines that are already the most advanced and efficient in the world. The fuel system will receive some additional standard components as well as additional sensors to enable the FIA to better monitor the units. Generally, the design of the units will be homologated at the beginning of the season and frozen until at least 2025.
F1 2022 biofuel – pros and cons
The transition to the F1 biofuel is a global goal, the scope is somewhat daunting. The fact is that Formula 1 has chosen one of the most difficult paths.
With the successful implementation of the plan, it will be a real breakthrough. What comes out of it will significantly change and make an enormous contribution to saving the environment.
The main disadvantage of such a step is the introduction of absolutely new technology. Synthetic fuel is a plan, but in fact it will require not only much, but too much. How do you get a lot of fuel that has not yet been invented? How do you start producing E10 where it has never been produced before? These are the biggest disadvantages, but far from the last.
The trial-and-error method is the way Formula 1 is going to go. Trying and making mistakes – that’s the role that f1 teams are going to play. According to the scale of the error, it costs a lot of money. Thus, some of the current teams, like Haas F1, are fully focusing on 2022.
Investing a lot of money in the future, however, is one thing – trying to work, adjusting the settings of the F1 car and working again is the third. Moreover, it is necessary to take into account the conditions for such experiments. It is about the current state of the global crisis after the pandemic. In short, too complicated and too expensive.
What do the bosses of Mercedes and Red Bull think about biofuel in F1?
The bosses of the leading teams, Red Bull team principal Christian Horner and Mercedes boss Toto Wolff – also spoke out on the issue. They are both would support a delay in the increased use of biofuels in Formula 1. Toto Wolff is “actually pretty neutral whether they use E10 or not”. He believes that it is “only a small step.” While Horner feels that adding another development factor would only complicate the engine freeze.
“My preference would be probably not to do the E10 fuel,”
“It’s a development direct requirement for 2022, and [we’d prefer to] just bring in a completely sustainable core fuel with a new engine [instead of] going another 5% on the E10 for the current fuel.
“There will be consequences to introducing that fuel and that consequence obviously is inevitably costly.”Red Bull team principal Christian Horner to Autosport
Why not simply switch to “all-electric” mode?
Although it is not so simple on this issue. The cars are moving more and more towards electric drive. Same time more than 90% of cars worldwide are still powered by ICEs with internal combustion engines. In solving the global eco problem Formula 1 came with more interesting opportunities.
“When the next engine comes, we have a chance to develop a real game changer where you cut fuel and engine together, and that really leads to some much more interesting possibilities.”Formula 1 Chief Technical Officer Pat Symonds
Pat Symonds’ main message is that there are alternatives to electric power with more profitable opportunities for motorsport. This way ncludes more interesting options for Formula 1 as a sport and as the founder of advanced technology.
Environmental protection is a problem around the world, great news that Formula 1 decided to take on one of the main roles. F1 calendar 2022 has already published and there are disputes about biofuels and just as long as we will see synthetic fuel in action.